I welcome, in fact, one and all. Today we have a very interesting topic, which for a long time and often many of you have requested, using a feedback form , and the special predlagalku.
This article is for those who want to make a multiboot USB flash drive with ustanovochnik operating systems, the Windows , the Linux , and perhaps even that multiple LiveCD and all kinds of tools, such as Check Disk, RAM and all such things.
Bootable USB Flash or HDD drive is convenient because it is possible to eliminate the use of CD / DVD to install the operating system and the use of diagnostic tools such as Memtest , MHDD, the Acronis TI's . "Multiboot" the flash drive or hard drive are good that you can not format the entire disk for each program, and once to install everything you need and the right to choose at boot time through the menu personally created.
Especially this thing useful for those who do not have CD / DVD -reader, and it is necessary to install the system, then checked for viruses , then something else.
Create a multiboot USB flash drive with the help of Grub4Dos
The Forest Raised a Christmas Tree. There are many programs to create multiboot USB flash drive, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. However, the most versatile and flexible tool is such a thing as Grub4Dos . Kratenko tell you what kind of a beast:
GRUB4DOS - a universal boot loader based on the GNU the GRUB . It can be controlled from the command line or by using a configuration file in its capabilities include:
This loader is, in fact, a small console operating system supports the command line, a plurality of control commands, file management, access control, modification partitions, in addition, supports a variety of file systems can read data from any of the defined BIOS devices, supports booting the network does not depend on the geometry of discs able to work with remote terminals, etc .. and it at a rate of slightly more than 200 kilobytes! :)
Another Grub has a built-in help system, which is in response to the <help> always displays a list of commands available to perform, and in response to the <help command-name> will give more information. Backfill line key ( TAB ) tells not only the syntax, but also, in some cases, variants of its extension (available devices, partitions) .
Well, let's start.
Any other programs and operating systems you are reading this article, can easily add your own. The purpose of the material - to show you how it looks and works, to give a basis, and after that will cope.
How to take off with this:
Now a few words about all sorts of installation archives and so on. Globally, you can connect almost anything. iso , which involve loading, i.e. everything that previously was loaded with the CD / a DVD , you can now throw the stick in the form. iso image and loaded in this way. I deliberately did not give an example with system installers, so as not to spread images of Windows and does not promote piracy in very much its explicit manifestation. However, in principle, explain how connected all these images in general.
At the root of the stick, which we copied grub4dos there I've found the menu.lst . You can open it in Notepad or the notepad ++ , or whatever you use it for the opening of the ordinary. the txt (. in fact, is not the txt , but open by " right mouse button - Open with ") . This is the kind of file is a configuration in which stipulate that run to and from a folder, what theme to use, and all that jazz. Current content of this file is set by me (if you are, of course, rocked grub4dos the link above) and looks like this:
the default 0Loading title from the hard disk
find --set-root --ignore-floppies --ignore -cd / bootmgr || --set-root the find --ignore-the floppies --ignore-the cd / ntldr
map (hd0) (hd1)
map (hd1) (hd0)
chainloader (hd0) +1Loading title LinuxMint
map --unmap = 0: 0xff
map /boot/mint.iso (0xff) || --mem /boot/mint.iso map (0xff)
the kernel / casper / vmlinuz file = / the cdrom / preseed / mint.seed the boot = casper the iso-scan / the filename = / the boot / of the mint. quiet switch splash the iso - the locale = en_US
the initrd /casper/initrd.lz
the initrd /casper/initrd.gz
map --unmap = 0: 0xfftitle Download Partition Magic - Working with sections of hard drives
map /boot/pm.iso (0xff) || --mem /boot/pm.iso map (0xff)
map --hook root (0xff)
Loading title vcr35r.iso - Test Hard Disk Drive [Victoria is]
map /boot/vcr35r.iso (0xff) || --mem /boot/vcr35r.iso map (0xff)
map --hook root (0xff)
chainloader (0xff)Loading title mt410.iso - Test RAM [Memtest]
map /boot/mt410.iso (0xff) || --mem /boot/mt410.iso map (0xff)
map --hook root (0xff)
chainloader (0xff)title Restart the computer
reboottitle Computer shutdown
Very briefly to explain, what's what: