8 Best Linux Server Operating Systems and Who Should Use Them
Linux operating system and distributed exclusively used in a wide range. While some Linux distributions targeted at power users and others a lot easier, and great to go to them with Windows. Linux distributions often have an advantage due to the significant resources of their user communities.
Although the Linux operating systems offer an excellent working environment for desktops, Linux can also be an excellent system and server applications. Typically, Linux provides improved access control, giving a high flexibility and stability.
1. Ubuntu Sever
Probably the most well-known of the Linux operating system is Ubuntu. Having a variety of options, Ubuntu is a stable distribution. This system and its variants offer excellent opportunities for the user. Ubuntu Server system comes in two versions - LTS and as a floating release. Version LTS Ubuntu Server, is said to have a five-year period of support. Although this period is not five years but the version is not related to the LTS, has only nine months of security updates and maintenance.
While Ubuntu and Ubuntu Server is very similar to each other, the version of Server offers other means. For example, Ubuntu Server offers such extras as OpenStack Mitaka, Nginx, and the LXD. They facilitate system administration. With Ubuntu Server, you can deploy web-servers, to provide containers and much more. Moreover, these tools are ready for use immediately after installation.
SUSE Linux debut took place in 1993. In 2015, the openSUSE version of the open source software has become a SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). There are two branches of the openSUSE: Leap and Tumbleweed. Leap version has a longer release cycle, while Tumbleweed is floating release. Therefore, Tumbleweed is more suitable for experienced users, providing the latest packages such as Linux Kernel and SAMBA. Leap option is more suitable for durable solutions. The operating system is supported by the update.
The default openSUSE provides tools does a fantastic Linux operating system for the server. It includes openQA for automated testing, the Kiwi Linux images for delivery to multiple platforms, the YaST configuration for Linux and a comprehensive package manager Open Build Service.
3. Oracle Linux
If you have mixed feelings reading the words «Oracle Linux», you're not alone. Oracle Linux system is a Linux distribution supplied by Oracle technology giant. The system is available with two different kernels. One version of it has a core that is compatible with Red Hat (RHCK). This is exactly the same kernel, which is used in Red Hat Enterprise Linux system (RHEL).
Oracle Linux System is certified to work with a variety of equipment from manufacturers such as Lenovo, IBM and HP. To increase the protection of Oracle Linux kernel uses Ksplice technology. The system also includes support for Oracle Containers, the OpenStack , the Linux and Docker. As a brand symbols used Oracle topics, including Oracle Penguin.
4. Container Linux (formerly CoreOS)
CoreOS operating system in 2016 changed its name to Container Linux. As the new name, the Container Linux is a Linux operating system, released to provide containers. The system is focused on simplifying the process of containers.
Container Linux is an excellent operating system for reliable, scaled use. Cluster deployment of containers is carried out easily, and the distribution includes in its membership a means for detecting the service. It includes documentation and support Kubernetes technologies, Docker and RKT.
CentOS operating system provides a stable working environment. This version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating systems (RHEL) open source. In this regard, the work of CentOS provides enterprise-class server. This operating system from Red Hat uses the same source code as RHEL. The structure includes CentOS RPM package manager.
Debian is one of the best available for the Linux operating system servers. Since the Debian system was released in 1993, and its first stable release appeared in 1996, this system is incredibly secure. Many Linux distributions, including those of Ubuntu, based en Debian. Why Debian is used as the basis for a different operating system? Only thanks to its stability.
Also, Debian often used on servers, as it has passed the test of time. The system includes a project manager, the APT tools, and various means of external representation, such as GDebi.Therefore, even though Debian is not available in server mode, it is a great operating system for self-deploying your own server. Debian is an impressive application compatibility, reliability and stability.
If you are looking for the latest Linux operating system for servers, try Fedora system.Supported by Red Hat, Fedora project receives regular updates. Developers are often involved in these updates. Fedora system is available in various versions.
Workstation version is designed for ordinary users, and are supplied with a desktop environment. By default, Fedora Workstation comes with the GNOME interface, but it is available and other user interfaces. Version Fedora Server, as its name implies, is designed for servers.
8. Arch Linux
Many servers limit power consumption. Reducing power consumption is a major advantage, especially for always-on machines. Therefore, Linux operating systems for servers should use scarce resources.
Proper allocation of resources is a key factor for the duration of the work and the efficiency of the server. Many Linux distributions use less resources than their Windows or macOS counterparts. Operating system Arch is a simple, easy distribution, sticking to the KISS principle ( "make things easier").